Is Coronavirus/COVID-19 our future OR End of the world?
I will begin with the basics because, in some media noise around COVID-19, I think this is lost. COVID-19, therefore, is a coronavirus, and coronaviruses are a particular viral subset and have some unique virus features. They use “RNA” as their genetic material, rather than DNA, and are covered in spikes in the surface of the virus.
The corona in coronavirus is these spikes. COVID-19 is a new coronavirus since only six coronaviruses were heard by December. The 7th is COVID-19. It’s new to us, it’s genetically sequenced, it’s just called – so it’s new.
If you remember SARS — severe acute respiratory syndrome — or MERS — Respiratory syndrome in the Middle East, both of them were coronaviruses, and both of them are called a respiratory syndrome because that’s what coronaviruses do. They go to your lungs. They don’t make you puke, do not bleed your eyeballs, do not make you bleed, they head to your lungs. You don’t haemorrhage. There’s no other COVID-19. It causes a variety of respiratory symptoms ranging from things like dry toxins and fatal viral pneumonia through to fever.
And one of the reasons why this outbreak is so difficult to track is this range of symptoms. Many people got infected by COVID-19, but the symptoms are so mild that they don’t even visit a medical professional. In the system, they are not registered. In particular, Zoonotic coronaviruses are transmitted by animals to people. Some coronaviruses, such as COVID-19, also transmit individually.
Person by person, like COVID-19, travel faster and faster. Zoonotic diseases are difficult to get rid of because they have a reservoir of animals. For instance, avian influenza can be abolished in farmed, turkey, or energetic animals, but it continues to come back each year because wild birds bring it back to us. You do not hear much about it because avian influenza does not transmit individuals, but each year we have outbreaks in poultry farms worldwide. COVID-19 probably skipped in the wildlife market in Wuhan, China from the animals. For the less fundamental parts now.
This is not the last big outbreak that we will ever see. More outbreaks will occur and more epidemics will occur. Perhaps that is not the last; it’s a fact. And this is the result of our relationships with our planet as human beings. Human choices lead us to a position in which we will see more outbreaks. This concerns part of climate change and how the global warming climate makes viruses and bacteria hospitable. But it’s also the way we push into our planet’s last wild spaces.
Burning and ploughing the rainforest of the Amazon so that we can have cheap land for farming, converting the last of the African bush to farms and extinction wilderness in China, mankind comes into contact with the wildlife populations they have never had any contact with before, and the populations have new types of disease: bacteria, viruses. Bats, in particular, have an infectious knack for illnesses. But not the only animals to do this are they? Is Coronavirus/COVID-19 our future OR End of the world?
As long as we continue to remote our remote areas, the outbreaks will continue to occur. Quarantine outbreaks or travel restrictions can not be stopped. That’s the first impulse for everyone: Let’s stop the people, let’s stop this outbreak. But the fact is that “it is very difficult to establish a good quarantine”. Travel restrictions are very difficult to establish. Even countries that have invested heavily in public health, such as the United States and South Korea, can not implement this type of restriction as quickly as possible to end an outbreak immediately.
There are logical reasons and medical reasons for this. Looking at COVID-19, it seems that it may have been a 24-day period for you and that you will not experience any symptoms. So there are no signs that people walk around with this virus. They won’t be quarantined. They need quarantining, nobody knows. Quarantine and travel restrictions also have some real costs. People are “social animals”, and when you try to keep them in place and try to separate them, they resist.
In the Ebola outbreak, we saw people begin trying to evade it as soon as you place a quarantine. Individual patients may not be in health because they are afraid of the system, or they are not able to afford care, and they do not want to be detached from their family and family. They know that there is a stringent quarantine protocol. Politicians, officials of the State may hone real information for fear of triggering a quarantine protocol when they know that they will be quarantined if they discuss outbreaks and cases.
And, of course, such evasions and dishonesty make tracking a disease outbreak difficult. We can and should improve on quarantines and travel restrictions. But it is not only our choice, and it is not the best option we can deal with. In order to make outbreaks less serious over the long term, the worldwide health system can be built to support key health care functions in any country in the world, so that all countries, even poor, can quickly identify new infectious diseases and treat them as they emerge. Is Coronavirus/COVID-19 our future OR End of the world?
China’s responses to COVID-19 have been very critical. But, what if in Chad, which has 3.5 physicians for 100,000 people, COVID-19 emerged? What about it in the Democratic Republic of Congo, which has just discharged its last Ebola patient? The reality is that such countries do not have the means to respond, to treat and to report on infectious disease as fast as possible in order to help the rest of the world. I led an assessment of Sierra Leone’s Ebola Therapy Centres. And indeed, the Ebola crisis has been quickly recognized by local doctors in Sierra Leone. – Alanna Shaikh
As a hazardous, contagious hemorrhagic virus, and as an Ebola. They didn’t have the resources to answer, however, have identified it. They had no enough physicians and hospital beds and had no sufficient information on “how Ebola should be treated” or how infection control could be implemented. In Sierra Leone of Ebola, eleven doctors died. Only 120 were in the country when the crisis began. In contrast, more than 1,000 doctors are employed by the Dallas Baylor Medical Center. This is the sort of injustice that kills people. First, when outbreaks begin, they kill the poor and then they kill people around the globe.
If the outbreaks are really to be slowed down and their effects minimized, we must ensure that every country in the world has the ability to identify, treat and report new diseases to share information. Concerning the health systems COVID-19 will be a big burden. I will not discuss death rates in this talk since, frankly, no one can reach agreement on the death rate for COVID-19 right now. One issue that we can agree on, however, is that approximately 20% of people living with COVID-19 will need hospitalisation. This can hardly be coped with by the US medical system. Is Coronavirus/COVID-19 our future OR End of the world?
However, what happens in Mexico? COVID-19 also found some genuine deficiencies in our global supply chain for health. Just-in-time LEAN systems are great for good times but we don’t have reserves at all in a time of crisis. There is no big storage place full of boxes to find more when a hospital or country is running out of face masks or personal protective gear. You have to order from the supplier more, wait for it to be made, and wait for it to be shipped from China in general. This is a time lag at a time when moving quickly is most important.
Would China have identified this outbreak faster if we had been perfectly prepared for COVID-19?. They were willing to care for the infected without building new lockdown buildings. They shared honest information with the public to prevent us from witnessing these insane rumours spread through the Chinese social media. And they would share information with the world’s health authorities to report and prepare for the spread of the virus in national health systems.
National health systems could have stockpiled the necessary protective equipment and trained healthcare providers to treat and control infections. We would have scientific protocols on what to do when things happen, such as cruise ships have patients infected. And we have real information that goes everywhere so we can’t see some embarrassing, disgraceful incidents such as xenophobia, as Asians in Philadelphia are attacked. But we would still have outbreaks with all this in place. The decisions we make on how we occupy this planet inevitably make this.
As long as we have a consensus of experts on the COVID-19, this is: in the US and around the world, before it gets better, things will get worse. We see cases of human transmission that do not involve returning to the community. And when we do not even know of the source of the infection, we are seeing people infected by COVID-19. These are signs of a growing outbreak, “not a controlled outbreak”. It’s slight, but it’s not amazing. This is one of the scenarios that global health experts are looking at when they talk about the new viruses scenario.
There are many things you can do to remain safe during this outbreak is to wash your hands! Wash your hands! Wash them again, as this is one of the best things you can do to avoid COVID-19. If you have any bad habits, its the right time to stop until it stops you! Smoking, Drugs leave everything!
There are also a boring yet useful set of options to respond to outbreaks, things like improving healthcare, here and everywhere. Investments in health infrastructure and disease monitoring, in order that we know when new diseases will happen; building health systems worldwide.
Is Coronavirus/COVID-19 our future OR End of the world?
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