Got A Puppy? Here Are The 6 Tips To Look After Them
Puppies can bring tremendous benefits to the lives of their owners and are an asset in uncertain times, including lockdowns. Having said that, taking care of a young animal does not have its challenges. With over one in four puppy buyers admitting it was an impulsive decision during the pandemic, there are real concerns for the future of the animals during this time.
The success of a long-term relationship between dog and owner depends on a good foundation. Every owner has six things to know about caring for a puppy and developing a long-lasting relationship with their new best friend.
Exercise & Proper Training
While many new owners romanticize the idea of long walks with a frolicking puppy, young dogs are in reality, especially large breeds, not too much exercise should be allowed. Puppies have plenty of energy, but bones, joints, and growth plates are soft and can be damaged easily.
Too much exercise is nearly as harmful as not sufficient. Overactivity at a wrong age leads to problems in health such as hip dysplasia, deformation of growth, and movement disorders.
There is no accurate science as to how long puppies should be walking for. A rule of thumb is, however, five minutes a month, twice a day. In this logic, a 16-week-old puppy would only need a daily exercise of 40 minutes.
Right Vaccination – Immunizations
Vaccinating your puppy is one of the most important things to do as a new owner in the first few weeks. Vaccines can protect dogs from a large number of potentially hazardous pathogens such as parvovirus, kennel cough, hepatitis, and leptospirosis.
Puppies typically receive their first number of vaccinations approximately 8-10 weeks old, another 2-3 weeks later, although the protocols are different. Wombs should not contact unvaccinated dogs until they are fully protected, so walking in the park is out of the boundaries. Pups still can be transported around the neighborhood for socialization purposes.
Dogs have several important developmental stages, one of which is the socialization period between 3 and 16 weeks of age. In this relatively short opportunity, puppies must be exposed to as many people, animals, and situations as possible.
If your puppy is not socialized, heavy fear can later in life and sometimes the development of resistant behavioral problems can result. Dogs denied contact with children can become overly reactive, lung to them, and even attempt to bite in their presence.
The importance of making efforts to expose puppies to as many different stimuli and situations as possible to the sights, sonorities, and smells cannot be overemphasized. This will make it easier for your dog to navigate life.
This lockdown led to a dramatic increase in the time spent by owners on their animals, which could lead to increased anxiety about canine separation when owners return to their work. It is thought that this problem stems from an over-attachment between the animal and its caregiver, often causing animals to be rehomed.
Such anxiety symptoms typically include urinating or defecating indoors, barking and whining, home destruction, escape, or self-mutilation whenever the pet is left alone. Separation anxiety is hard to deal with.
Efforts are needed to prevent over-attachment from an early stage, by gradually increasing the time that the animal spends alone. The puppy can feel relaxed during these periods of separation with various enrichment tools. Things such as pheromone diffusers, classical music, or smells are famous for their relaxing properties.
Although it is tempting to put your puppy’s residuals on the table, there is a long list of foods that are toxic to dogs. For instance, chocolate, in particular darkness, contains theobromine stimulant. This can damage the guts, heart, central nervous systems, or kidneys of dogs when ingested, leading to vomiting, diarrhea, hyperactivity, seizures, and even death.
Oignons, garlic, and snuff, in all forms, may harm the red blood cells of dogs, leading ultimately to anemia. In foods such as free sugar chewing gum, some butter of peanut, and some sweets, Xylitol, an artificial sweetener may lead to dramatic drops in blood sugar and, in some cases, liver failure.
The list of other foods dangerous to dogs, including, inter alia, caffeine, alcohol, grapes, and grapes, is quite extensive. Owners should know the list of foods harmful to dogs and seek immediate veterinary advice in the event of ingestion.
Puppies are notorious to eat anything and all. Many seem to regard the garden as a personal larder of their own. Unfortunately, the owners must be aware of many botanical dangers.
Certain bulbs, such as bulbs, and house plants should be avoided such as poinsettias. Seeds and leaves such as corn, ivy, and mistletoe can all threaten dogs with lives. Early toxic signs of vomiting, diarrhea, and salivation can take up to two days to show more serious effects such as liver and kidney damage. Again, veterinary care needs immediately to be sought when an owner suspects his puppy has eaten any potentially poisonous plant material.
Knowing these important tips helps to keep your puppy healthy and happy and will bring you happiness for a lifetime. Getting a puppy is very exciting, but only a little thought and planning ensures that you and your pup get the best possible start.