Hair Fall | Types & Symptoms

Hair Fall | Types & Symptoms

What is Hair Fall?

Hair loss also referred to as alopecia or baldness, is the loss of hair on one’s head or body. At the very least, the head is generally involved. Hair loss can range in intensity from a small patch to the entire body. In most cases, there is no inflammation or scarring. Hair loss can cause emotional distress in some people. Every day, everybody sheds a strand of hair. According to studies, a person can lose up to 100 hairs per day. However, losing more hair will result in bald spots on a man’s head. The hair on top of a woman’s head is thinning.

Hair loss isn’t a life-threatening issue. However, dramatically altering one’s appearance for the worse can seriously jeopardize one’s self-confidence. Hair loss can affect men, women, and even infants. Hormonal imbalance, heredity, medical conditions, or a side effect of certain drugs may all cause this disease. Hereditary hair loss is by far the most common cause of hair loss.

Types of Hair Fall
Stages of baldness in men and women. A number of follicles on the scalp in each step.

Types of Hair Loss

Alopecia is a condition in which hair growth slows down as people age. There are several types of hair loss:

  • Involutional Alopecia is the natural thinning of hair that happens as people age. The number of hair follicles that reach the resting period increases, while the remaining hairs become smaller and shorter.
  • Androgenic Alopecia is a hereditary disorder that may affect both men and women. Men with this condition can experience hair loss as early as their adolescence. Male-pattern baldness is the name for this. It is characterized by progressive hair loss from the frontal scalp and crown, as well as a receding hairline. After their forties, women who are affected experience hair thinning. Most hair loss occurs near the crown, which is known as female-pattern baldness.
  • Alopecia Areata is a condition that affects young adults and children and causes hair loss in patches. It has the potential to trigger complete baldness (alopecia totalis). Hair regrows within a few years in over 90% of people with this disease.
  • Trichotillomania is most often seen in infants. This psychological condition causes a person to pull out their own hair.
  • Telogen Effluvium is a temporary thinning of hair on the scalp caused by changes in the hair growth cycle. It occurs when a large number of hairs reach the resting period, resulting in hair shedding and thinning.
  • Scarring Alopecia is a form of alopecia that causes permanent hair loss. Scarring occurs as a result of inflammatory skin conditions such as folliculitis, acne, and cellulitis, which damages the hair’s ability to regenerate. Hair that is tightly woven and hot combs can also cause permanent hair loss.

Symptoms and Signs of Hair Loss

  • Hair falling out in clumps or patches
  • Hairline thinning
  • Hair becomes fragile and falls rapidly.

What causes hair to fall out?

Hair loss is more common in people with a family history of hair loss, and genetics play a significant role in this. Hair loss, which normally occurs during puberty, is often triggered by some hormones. Acute hair loss can also be caused by other causes such as traumatic accidents, surgeries, and severe illnesses. Hair tends to regrow on its own after a period of time in such situations. Menopause, abrupt discontinuation of birth control pills, childbirth, and hormonal changes caused by pregnancy can all cause temporary hair loss.

Hair loss can also be caused by serious medical conditions such as ringworm, alopecia areata (an autoimmune disorder that affects the hair follicles), and thyroid disease. Lichen planus and some forms of lupus can also cause lichens, which can lead to hair loss. Hair loss is often caused by drugs used to treat heart disease, depression, asthma, high blood pressure, and cancer. Hair loss may be caused by emotional or physical shock, such as a high fever, severe weight loss, or a death in the family.

Trichotillomania is a hair-pulling condition in which the sufferer pulls out his or her hair on purpose. It is a condition of impulse control that can be controlled with therapy. Hair from the eyelash, eyebrows, and scalp may be pulled out by the affected person. Tightly tying our hair puts a lot of pressure on it, which causes it to break. Traction hair loss is the term for this. Thin hair can also be caused by a lack of iron and protein in your diet.

Hair loss can also be caused by the following factors:

  • Hormones: Hair loss may also be caused by abnormal androgen levels.
  • Genes: Genes from either parent may make an individual more likely to develop female or male pattern baldness.
  • Drugs: Blood thinners, cancer treatment medications, birth control pills, and beta-blockers can all cause hair loss.
  • Medical Predispositions: Hair loss can be caused by medical conditions such as diabetes, lupus, iron deficiency, thyroid disease, anemia, and eating disorders. Hair usually regrows after the root cause is addressed.
  • Cosmetics: Hair thinning, brittleness, and fatigue can all be caused by cosmetic treatments such as perming, hair dyes, bleaching, and overuse of shampoo. Hair breakage and damage can also be caused by tightly braiding hair or using hot curlers or rollers. These, however, don’t lead to baldness.

Which vitamin deficiency is responsible for hair loss?

Vitamins play an important role in hair development. Vitamin deficiency can lead to a variety of hair loss issues. Niacin, also known as vitamin B3, and Biotin, another B vitamin, both contribute to hair loss. Some research suggests that a lack of Vitamin D in the body can influence hair development. According to studies, people who experience hair loss have lower levels of Vitamin D than those who do not.

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Hair Fall | Types & Symptoms

Sakshi Sharma
I am a Managing Partner at Bioinformatics India where I write blogs, look after all the partners, and manages the affiliates associated with the website.

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