CORONAVIRUS: How to test for COVID-19 in India? Types of Test?

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CORONAVIRUS: How to test for COVID-19 in India? Types of Test?

There has been much debate about the latest Coronavirus epidemic. Since there are much misinformation and rumors, misunderstanding is simple. We want to explain all the misconceptions in this blog and provide you with exact details.

Let’s begin by first learning more about the virus.

Coronavirus, what is it?

Coronavirus is a larger family of viruses that cause diseases such as cold, serious acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), and respiratory syndrome of the Middle East (MERS). A new coronaviral epidemic occurred in China in 2019.

Extreme acute respiratory syndrome (SARS-CoV-2) and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are among other names assigned to coronavirus.

CORONAVIRUS: How to test for COVID-19 in India? Types of Test?

Both animals and humans are infected by a coronavirus. There may be incidents of the virus affecting wildlife and becoming a modern human virus. These types of coronavirus are more lethal since they can lead to life-threatening pneumonia.

The three virus diseases most widely known are:

  • SARS – A deadly breathing disease found in China in 2002 – SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome). Since 2002, no new cases of this virus have been identified.
  • MERS – This extreme respiratory disease first identified in 2012 in Saudi Arabia (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome). It spread from there to 27 countries including the United States, where two cases have been identified. Both cases in the Arabian Peninsula were found to have an origin.
  • COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) – Erupting in Wuhan city in 2019, the source is travel from the Hubei Province. Since then, the disease has spread to several countries around the world, with some cases reported in the USA. All updates with regards to the disease are being monitored by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and the World Health Organization (WHO).

What are the symptoms of Coronavirus?

The symptoms of coronavirus arise when you’ve traveled to the areas of the outbreak of the virus or have been in contact with anyone traveling from those areas. 

The symptoms of coronavirus infections in general are: 

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • Sore throat
  • Headache

The specific symptoms of COVID-19 are: 

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath

The COVID-19 symptoms are fewer than the SARS and MERS symptoms. If you have not been to or contacted anyone from these places, the signs may be another virus such as grippe.

Asymptomatic transmission Risk

Our main strategy for fighting the pandemic is research and social separation. This is the only means of reducing virus replication and effects. Yet asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 transmission has made it much more difficult to monitor the dissemination of the disease. The fast dissemination of the COVID-19 across the world is evident evidence of asymptomatic transmission.

An asymptomatic person has COVID-19 but has no associated symptoms. Asymptomatic transmission refers to a person who may not have any symptoms being transmitted to the disease. 80% of cases of COVID-19 are asymptomatic or with minor symptoms, the Union Health Ministry of India estimates.

Only during the early stages of the disease will COVID-19 spread to asymptomatic individuals. COVID-19 should be obtained by anyone who does not appear sick, has no noticeable effects, or is coughed slightly.

At this point, remaining indoors and reducing the chance of transmitting the virus are therefore necessary, even though you are asymptomatic. To minimize the probability of propagation, it is important to sanitize daily things, such as cell telephones, food paneling, newspapers, and reduce interaction with any hotspots, such as buttons for the lift, doorbells, railings, and exercise equipment. It should be remembered that although it may be asymptomatic to you, it can be fatal to the adult or the underlying disorders such as diabetes, asthma, cholesterol or autoimmune diseases.

Check-up and triage of the patient:

A high degree of fear of the disease should be present in patients with fever and respiratory symptoms and epidemiological link with COVID-19. The epidemiological relation can include

  • Travel to an area where an epidemic has occurred
  • Close contact with a person who has suspected or high risk of infection
  • Close contact with a person with breathing problems in a geographical region with an outbreak within 14 days of a sign.

If the field of inclusion grows, physicians have to stay up-to-date with the list of countries and territories impacted. Local disease transmission follows many decades of the spread of a nation and patients may have no history of going to an area with a reported epidemic.

In the emergency room of the city or by an inter-hospital shift to an intensive hospital facility, seriously ill patients can be present. Detailed analysis should be conducted in such situations to ensure adequate monitoring and precautions for infection control.

How can I get Coronavirus tested?

If you believe your symptoms are coronaviral-specific, the healthcare provider should call the CDC for more guidance. There are special laboratories set up for studying the coronavirus so that you can go to one of these laboratories.

Coronavirus studies can be performed in many types:

  • Swab Examination – A special swab is used to extract a nasal or throat sample
  • Nasal aspirator – a saline solution is pumped into the nose and a light-sugar sample is taken.
  • Tracheal aspirant – in this case, a tube is inserted in the mouth with a torch and a bronchoscope to suck up a sample from the lungs.
  • Sputum test – Sputum is a dense mucus that is piled and coughed in the lungs. During this exam, you must take a sample from your nose or spit up sputum in a special cup.
  • Blood Examination – A blood draw from a venous arm is obtained in this case.

When to look for medical attention?

No reason to see a doctor in the event that you have slight symptoms, such as mild fever or cough. Check the signs, separate yourself, and stay home. You should not ignore fever if you reside in one of the COVID-19 hotspot areas after three days.

Immediately scan for emergency assistance. Wear a mask when you go outdoors, or when you see a doctor. Hold 6 feet away from others and don’t touch your hand’s surfaces. Get medical attention if you have breathing problems or chest pain and pressure.

CORONAVIRUS: How to test for COVID-19 in India? Types of Test?

Rajat Singh
Rajat Singhhttps://bioinformaticsindia.com
Rajat Singh is the Editor-in-chief at Bioinformatics India, he is a Master's in Bioinformatics and validates all the data present on this website. Independent of his academic qualifications he is a marketing geek and loves to explore trends in SEO, Keyword research, Web design & UI/UX improvement.

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