List of Most Popular Bioinformatics Databases

    List of Most Popular Bioinformatics Databases

    Biological information is dynamic, unusual, vast and incomplete. Several databases have therefore been developed and interpreted to ensure clear performance.

    A computer-readable collection of biological data that increases the speed of search and recovery and is easy to use is called bioinformatics Databases. Good records should be updated in a good database.

    Importance of biological database

    A range of information like biological sequences, structures, binding sites, metabolic interactions, molecular action, functional relationships, protein families, motifs and homologous can be retrieved by using biological databases. The main purpose of a biological database is to store and manage biological data and information in computer-readable forms.

    Also Read: How To Become A Bioinformatician In 2021?

    Primary database vs. secondary database

    • A primary database contains only sequence or structural information.
    • The database derived from the analysis or treatment of primary data is a secondary database. It is very important for interfering with protein function.

    “A biological database is a structured large group of permanent data, typically linked to computerised software that updates, queries and retrieves data components stored in the system. A simple database can be a single file with several records, each with the same details.”

    Some of the common databases are GenBank from NCBI, SwissProt from the Swiss Bioinformatics Institute, and PIR from Protein Information Resource.

    • GenBank: GenBank is one of the fastest-growing collections of known genetic sequences. GenBank (genetic sequence database).
    • EMBL: the EMBL Nucleotide Sequence Database is a robust DNA and RNA sequential databases compiled by researchers and sequencer groups directly from the scientific literature and patent applications.
    • SwissProt: this is a protein sequence database that offers a high integration level with other databases and a very low redundancy level (means less identical sequences are present in the database).

    Key Resources: NCBI Databases and Tools for Bioinformatics

    NCBI, National Center for Biotechnology Information, has a number of useful databases for bioinformatics. A complete list is available here, and selected databases are linked below. 

    This is a list of additional suggested databases, but not a complete list of all databases for Bioinformatics. For the ‘best bets’ literature databases relevant to Bioinformatics, please click here. For a complete list of databases at Northeastern, click here.

    If you are having trouble finding what you need, you can make an appointment (in person or via web) with a librarian here


    List of Most Popular Bioinformatics Databases

    Rajat Singh
    Rajat Singh is the Editor-in-chief at Bioinformatics India, he is a Master's in Bioinformatics and validates all the data present on this website. Independent of his academic qualifications he is a marketing geek and loves to explore trends in SEO, Keyword research, Web design & UI/UX improvement.

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